New Global Fund Results Show Accelerated HIV Treatment Progress

Ellen Mills
July 22, 2017

According to a UNAIDS new report, for the first time the scales have tipped: more than half of all people living with HIV (53%) now have access to HIV treatment and AIDS related deaths and AIDS related deaths have nearly halved since 2005.In 2016, 19.5 million of the 36.7 million people living with HIV had access to treatment, and AIDS-related deaths have fallen from 1.9 million 2005 to 1 million in 2016. Across Eastern Europe and Central Asia only 28% of people living with HIV have access to antiretroviral treatment, even though two thirds of people know their status.

It states that a year ago, 19.5 million of the 36.7 million people living with HIV had access to treatment and Aids-related deaths have fallen from 1.9 million in 2005 to one million in 2015. The number of new smear-positive TB cases detected and treated increased from 15.1 to 17.4 million, an increase of 15 percent, and the number of people treated for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) increased by 40 percent, from 267,000 to 373,000.

More than half of HIV-infected people are now on life-saving treatment.

There is a 29% drop in the new HIV cases among all individuals and a 56% drop in HIV cases in children over the same period. India has 2.1 million people living with HIV, with 80,000 new infections annually, as of 2016.

Since its 2003 launch by former President George W. Bush, PEPFAR has provided HIV treatment to approximately 11.5 million people worldwide.

Exceptions within these regions show that "when concerted efforts are made, results happen", the report said, noting that in Algeria the rate of HIV treatment access increased to 76 percent in 2016 from 24 percent in 2010, and in Morocco to 48 percent in 2016 from 16 percent in 2010. Deaths caused by AIDS have fallen from 1.9 million in 2005 to 1 million in 2016.

He added that continued commitment and support from the government, donors, global and national nongovernmental organizations, community networks and HIV support groups is crucial in achieving the country's HIV response targets.

On the contrary, the progress against the set targets is trailing in Middle East, North Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Report finds global Aids-related deaths almost halved since 2005, but there's more work to do to combat the disease.

"Donor government funding for HIV continues to be on the decline", said Kaiser Family Foundation Vice President Jen Kates, Director of Global Health and HIV Policy.

By 2020, states the plan, 90 percent of infected people must know their status, of whom 90 percent must be on treatment.

It also noted that about three-quarters of pregnant women with HIV now have access to medicines to prevent them from passing it to their babies.

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