After US Compromise, Security Council Strengthens North Korea Sanctions

Geneva Matthews
September 14, 2017

North Korea is now banned from exporting textiles - its second-biggest export after coal and other minerals in 2016, totaling $752 million, according to data from the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency.

Speaking on the 16th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks she said: "We will never forget that those who have evil intentions must be confronted".

The resolution does not include sanctions the U.S. wanted on North Korea's national airline and the army.

The French presidency said North Korea's "repeated provocations" were a "threat to peace and global security".

Pyongyang rejected a UN Security Council resolution to slap sanctions on North Korea following its sixth nuclear test and ramped up tensions with its latest threat sparking fears World War 3 could break out.

China's United Nations ambassador urged the council to adopt the freeze-for-freeze proposal and urged the pledge not to seek regime change or North Korea's collapse.

She added a strong relationship between President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping had played a role in negotiating the terms of the sanctions.

The United States watered down an initial tougher draft resolution to win the support of Russian Federation and Pyongyang ally China. The new sanctions impose a limit on deliveries of refined oil products and restricts crude oil shipments at their current level.

North Korea imports all the crude oil it consumes-some 520,000 tons a year-most of which comes from China. North Korea claimed that detonation was from a hydrogen bomb. Almost 80% of the textile exports went to China.

Haley said the resolution aimed to hit "North Korea's ability to fuel and fund its weapons program".

The textile ban is significant.

"The new United Nations sanctions on oil exports to North Korea are relatively moderate in scope compared to the original USA proposal regarding oil exports, and would be unlikely to have much impact on the operations of the North Korean military", he said.

It's hardly surprising that Beijing empathises with North Korean insecurity, given that for decades it suspected the United States of plans for containment and regime change to remove the Chinese Communist Party.

The original USA draft would have ordered all countries to impose an asset freeze and travel ban on Kim Jong Un and four other top party and government officials.

"The only conceivable solution is a peaceful and diplomatic one".

In June, the Treasury Department cut off the Bank of Dandong, a lender on the Chinese border with North Korea, from the USA financial system and blacklisted Dalian Global Unity Shipping Co. for their ties with North Korea's weapons programs.

The resolution adopted on Monday adds only one person to the sanctions list - Pak Yong Sik, a member of the Workers' Party of Korea Central Military Commission, which controls the country's military and helps direct its military industries.

The US originally wanted to impose an oil embargo against North Korea.

The sanctions and pressure racket of the completely obliterate the DPRK's sovereignty and right to existence is reaching an extremely reckless phase.

The UN Security Council on Monday ratcheted up sanctions yet again against North Korea, but they fell significantly short of the far-reaching penalties that the Trump administration had demanded just days ago.

Since 2008, photographer Eric Lafforgue ventured to North Korea six times.

"We are facing not a regional but a global threat, not a virtual but an immediate threat, not a serious but an existential threat", Francois Delattre, the French envoy to the United Nations said after the vote.

If the pipeline were clogged beyond fix, China might be left without any influence over North Korea, experts say.

The latest resolution does not include North Korean leader Kim Jong-un or his sister on its blacklist, as initially proposed.

Businessman Vladimir Baranov, who owns a ferry line which runs between North Korea and the Russian city, was highly critical of U.S. rhetoric over the current North Korean standoff.

"The UNSC's response and actions should be helpful to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and to maintaining the stability of the region".

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